St. Joseph Clinic in Haiti
A key program for Medical Missionaries has been the building and support of St. Joseph Clinic, a model clinic (hospital) in Thomassique, in Haiti’s Central Plateau. The Clinic opened in 2007, becoming the only permanent medical facility serving Thomassique and its outlying villages, a total population estimated to be 125,000 or more. Not only does the Clinic save lives by providing medical care for people who previously had no access to care, it also serves as a model of what is possible in resource poor areas, given continuity and sustained commitment.
The Clinic is a comprehensive medical facility, open 5 days a week for general consults and medical care, and 24/7 for emergency and maternity care. It has overnight accommodations for up to 20 patients. The Haitian professionals and support staff who run the Clinic receive periodic visits from teams of doctors, nurses, and dentists from the USA.
St. Joseph Clinic treats about 25,000 patients each year and helps bring more than 500 babies each year into this world. It administers more than 5000 vaccinations each year to women and children. Thousands of additional patients are treated through a network of Community Health Centers that the Clinic created in 2010.
Half of Thomassique’s residents live in outlying villages that are 6 to 10 miles away from the Clinic. Until 2010, those residents had to walk 2 to 4 hours to be treated at St. Joseph Clinic. Now, through the Community Health Centers, they can receive first aid and basic health care from Community Health Workers trained by St. Joseph Clinic, Partners In Health, and the Haitian Ministry of Health (MSPP). In 2018, the Community Health Centers administered over 7700 vaccinations to women and children, treated 4100 patients, and referred at-risk patients to St. Joseph Clinic for care by trained doctors, nurses, and midwives. In addition, the Community Health Workers visited 2500 homes to assess health conditions and conducted almost 900 health education workshops.
Over the years, St. Joseph Clinic has introduced numerous programs to respond to the most critical health issues in the region:
Maternal and Infant Care Program
Facilitating safe births has been a focus of the Clinic since it opened, with a goal of mitigating the high rate of maternal and infant mortality in Haiti, where 75% of births take place in the home.
Trained midwives are on the Clinic Staff to facilitate safe births, provide both prenatal and postnatal consultations, and conduct education sessions on newborn health. Since 2013, Medical Missionaries has been training Matwons (Traditional Birth Attendants) to work in the outlying villages to facilitate home births in a safer environment and with greater knowledge on how to help with safe deliveries. The midwives are taught to recognize at-risk pregnancies and bring those women to the Clinic for professional care.
As it is a major cause of childhood deaths in Haiti, we are addressing the problem of severe malnutrition of infants and school children through the following programs:
Medika Mamba Program provides a nutritional supplement that restores 90% of severely malnourished infants to health over a two-month period.
School Lunch Program provides hot lunches every school day to about 1000 schoolchildren, many of whom would not otherwise have a hot meal most days.
Fortified Salt (Bon Sel) Program
Bon Sel program distributes salt that is fortified with iron and diethylcarbamazine (DEC) to overcome delayed brain development in children and lymphatic filariasis.
Dental Hygiene Program
Dental hygiene continues to be an important component of our work at St. Joseph Clinic. Most villagers in rural Haiti have never had any preventive dental care other than from our visiting dental teams, and the simplest tooth infection can become very serious, even deadly.
Clinic Dental Hygiene Program. The Clinic now has a part-time dentist who sees patients every two weeks, and is the only consistent dental care in Thomassique. Dentists from the USA visit the Clinic during the year to provide additional dental care and training.
School Dental Hygiene Program. This program was initiated in 2016 by dentists from the USA to teach local youth the importance of brushing their teeth daily and how to brush properly. The USA dentists have trained two Haitian Dental Assistants to run this program.
Chronic Disease Treatment Program (CDTP)
CDTP was developed to combat the high incidence of hypertension and other chronic health concerns that are seen at the Clinic. Each month the Clinic’s professional staff monitors patients’ hypertension, and that they are taking their medications correctly and getting their prescriptions re-filled each month.
A Photo Tour of Thomassique, Haiti
Thomassique lies in Haiti’s Central Plateau, about 20 miles west of the border with the Dominican Republic. About half of the region’s 125,000 residents live within the town of Thomassique; the other half live in six outlying villages.
These photos below present a photo tour of Thomassique. It does not focus on the Clinic, but rather on the town itself. The photos will introduce you to the people and lifestyles of the town and its outlying villages. Most of the population lives on subsistence farming; only about 5% to 10% are employed outside the home. The average per capita income is less than $700 per year. The average life-span is 61 years (compared to 78 in the U.S.). Less than 40% of the homes in the city and 15% of the homes in the outlying villages have water, and less than 40% of the homes have sanitation (i.e., a latrine on their property).